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Winnie Anderson tells her story of the origins of the Randalls.
Winnie Anderson tells her story, and a much more convincing version, of the origins of the Randalls.
The Story Begins
Paternal Ancestors - Randalls
Whether you reach back a half-dozen generations or only a couple, knowing more about the people in your family’s history teaches you something valuable about yourself. My parents are Jannie Jackson Anderson and Peyton (Randall) Anderson.
Father’s Maternal Linage
Father, Peyton (Booten) Anderson was the illegitimate son of Mattie Randle and Daniel Anderson. Mattie later married Milton Coleman and gave birth to three girls, Magnolia, Aggie and Roberta. Magnolia married Brown Blake, Aggie died around the age of 13 and Roberta married Monroe Torrey.
I have searched census records and whatever sources available to me. My mother Jannie Anderson gave me some information about my father’s heritage and I’ve received leads from a distance cousin Thelma Perry. Thelma stated she interviewed “Little David” Randle, (grandson of Tom Randall, great grandson of Jack Randall) who died at the age of 92 in 1998.
According to “Little David” it is said that the first black man in Holmes County with the last name of Randall was my great great grandfather “Jim Randall”. The Randalls were shipped to the United States from somewhere in England. Jim’s wife Beth and her twin sister Lizzie were named after the Queen of England. These two women were possibly descendants of Queen Elizabeth, but apparently had mixed blood. According to Little David, Beth’s sister Lizzie never married, she lived with Jim and Beth all of her life. (Please note Census records do not show the names as Jim and Beth, but as Jack and Dilsey, they will be referred to as such hence forth in this document). Jack and Dilsey had a son named James (Jim).
The earliest ancestor I’ve identified: Jack Randall, paternal great, great grandfather (gggf). He was sold in slavery from Virginia to the Conner Plantation North of Lexington, Mississippi, Holmes County.
Holmes County is located in the west central part of Mississippi. It was created February 19, 1833 out of the land originally ceded by the Choctaw Indians in the Treaty of Doak’s Stand, October 18, 1820 and known as the “New Purchase.” Out of the original large county of Hinds was formed Yazoo County and Holmes was formed from Yazoo in 1833. A portion of western Holmes County was contributed to the formation of Humphreys County in 1918. Holmes County was named for Governor David Holmes, fourth Territorial governor, first Mississippi State governor and later US Senator.
What’s In A Name?
According to information handed down, the Randalls were shipped to the United States from someplace in England. At a slave auction in Virginia, Jack Randall and his wife were sold to a Holmes County Mississippi plantation owner around 1829. The plantation owner brought them to the Conner’s Place Plantation in Lexington, Mississippi. Information handed down further states the first black man in Holmes County, Mississippi by the name of Randall (Randle, Randal) was the slave Jack. The reason the spelling of the name is different today is because the slaves didn’t know how to spell. At the time of the auction Jack and his wife had a small child named Willis. The small child had no value to the plantation owner, he was being left behind. Jack was able to convince the owner to also purchase his son, Willis.
Making a New Home
After arriving in Mississippi, Jack and his wife had a house full of children. Some of the children have been identified as Willis, Dinah, William, Jim, Tabbie, David, Tom, Sidney (my great, great grandfather), Aggie, Top Jack, Adam, Francis, Margaret and Lucy.
Immediate descendants of Jack Randall
1. Willis Randall (10/1829), is shown as still living in the home of his father on the 1870 Census, age 40. He was born in Virginia, and sold in slavery with his parents. The 1900 Census shows his wife as Nancy, born May 1850. The following children were listed in the household: Willis Jr., age 26; Sam age 25, Lewis age 20 and grandson Jupiter, age 11. It is said that Willis lived to be 130 years old.
2. Dinah Randall (9/1839), ), spouse Henry Carey. They had the following children: Nancy, 1856; Dilsey, 1863; Israel, 1865; Martha, 1867; William, 1869 and Katie, 1872.
3. William Randall (1840)
4. Jim Randall (1841), ), spouse Patty. They had the following children: Pleasant, 1862; Ann, 1864; Adam, 1866; Grant, 1868; Sally, 1872; James, 1874; Lemon, 1876; Sarah, 1877 and William, 1878.
5. Tabbie Randall (12/1841), ), spouse Harry Taylor. They had the following children: Ampy, 1860, Emma, 1867; Francis, 1868; Evard, 1869; Allen, 1873; Mary, 1876; Alice, 1877; Judge, 1878; Harry Jr., 1880, Rebecca, 1887 and Mitchell, 1889.
6. David Randall (9/1844), spouse Lucy. They had the following children: Margaret, 1878; Sallie, (married Albert Freeman); George, 1882; Henrietta, 1882; Elnora, 1883; Sidney, 1884; and Queen, 1888.
7. Tom Randall (9/1850), born in May 1846. His wife’s name was Annie, born October 1853. They had the following children: Rachall, October 1873; Jice, September 1875; Jettie, October 1877.
8. Sidney Randall (7/1852), spouse Susanna. Sidney and Susanna had the following children: Joanna, 1873; Missy, 1874; Tiny, 1875; Peyton, 1877; Babe, 1879; Millie, March 1881; Mattie, June 1883 (gm); Sidney, September 1886; Maggie, February, 1889; Clementine; Ceasar; Otha, July 1894; Maude, March 1896; Miller, August 1889 ??. Sidney and Susanna also raised my dad Peyton Anderson (Mattie’s son), Benjamin Randle AKA Bameman (Aunt Maggie’s son) and Mary Lou AKA Lovie (Aunt Millie’s daughter).
9. Aggie Randall (11/1855), ), spouse Ceasar Ferguson had the following children: Abraham, July 1883; Canada, October 1886; Sam, March 1888; Random, May 1890 and Clem?? October 1894. Aggie had a daughter Azaline, born in 1869, prior to her marriage to Ceasar.
10.Top Jack (5/1854), spouse Sarah Ann Louis. Had the following children: Rosa, May 1877; Rosetta , July 1878,(spouse-Henry Tolbert); Elder, August 1879; Jenetta, October 1880, (spouse-Walter Crawford); Warner, March 1883; Yellow Jack, May 1884, Essex (or Enoch)- November 1886; Judy, September 1888; Mary, January 1890; Georgia, April 1893; Alice, February 1896 and Sarah , February 1898.
11. Adam Randall, (1857), spouse Almira, they had the following children: George – 1877; Wunery – 1879; Elizabeth – June 1885; Peggy – August 1887; Sarah – September 1890; Adam Jr. – November 1894; Amy – June 1895; Mary September 1897; Cleveland – October 1898; Herbert – 1917 (probably a grandson) validate
12. Francis Randall ( )
13. Margaret Randall (8/1860)
14. Lucy Randall. (2/1858/62??)
Randles of Mississippi were never share croppers
The Randalls of Lexington, Mississippi were never sharecroppers. Jack Randall gained respect even as a slave. He trained his children to be skilled and hard workers making them very valuable assets to the plantation owner. After slavery was abolished, Jim Randall bought the Connor’s Place Plantation. According to land records on January 13, 1877, James Randall purchased land from Wm B. Helm and his wife L. M. Helm for 16400 pounds of lint cotton, classed middling, to be paid in four annual installments of 4100 pounds on January 1, 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1883. (The plantation is said to have been a nine mile track of land, located North of the Town of Lexington, Mississippi), there’s no mention as to the number of acres included in this purchase, (documented via Holmes County Land Records, Track Index Section 27, Township 16, North Range 2E; deeds Vol. 4 page 506).
On December 9, 1881, Great Grandpa Sidney Randall et al, (Adam Randal, Jack Randal, Tom Randal and Willis Randal) purchased land from Fanny A Meade and her husband T.T. Meade for 38,250 pounds of lint cotton, to be paid in the amount of 6375 pounds on November 1, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886 and 1887. The land was held as tenants in common by the brothers. There’s no mention as to the number of acres purchased. On February 28, 1888 the brothers agreed to partition the land so each would have their own land separate and apart from each other.
Willis and his heirs received 200 acres, Grandpa Sidney Randall received 150 acres more or less for himself and his heirs, Thomas Randall received 150 acres for himself and his heirs, Jack Randall received 130 acres more or less for himself and his heirs, and Adam Randall received 142 acres more or less for himself and his heirs. There’s no mention of the number of acres purchased, but the total number of acres partitioned to the brothers in 1888 were 772 (Documented via Holmes County Tract Index and deeds, Volume ??, pages 520 -524) plus one acre on which the gin was located, total 773 acres.
The Randalls worked as private farmers for many, many years. They built cotton gins, grit and saw mills. As years passed, Jack’s grandchildren took control, but many of them were not interested in farming. Therefore, the Randall family lost a large portion of the land. Today a portion of the land is called “Randall Town.”
There was a cemetery on this land which was the final resting place of the slaves and plantation owners as well as many of the Randall slaves. According to information from Garee Randle (gggd of Jack, ggd of Jim Randall and daughter of Pleasant Randle Jr.) the graves were removed sometime between 1959 and 1963, by unknown white people banishing guns of which were not necessary. She said she has no idea who the people were that either robbed or moved the graves nor where they were taken. It was said that the graves contained jewelry and money. There were beautiful large head stones on the graves of the white people buried there. This graveyard was located behind the “Big House” (apparently the house of the old slave owner), current site of Pleasant Jr. and Joycie Randle homestead. Garee stated she grew up in what they called the “Big House”. The house was adorned with large chandelier, beautiful marble and spiral staircase.
One can also see why there were so many family members marrying their cousins. Imagine relatives living in a nine mile geographical area with their only mode of transportation being by foot, mules, horses and buggies.
As you can see our forefathers were very proud and resourceful people with dignity.
Father’s Paternal Linage
As previously stated daddy was born out of wedlock to Mattie Randall. It is said that his father was Daniel Anderson. Daddy chose to use his father’s last name even though his parents were never married. I identified the parents of Daniel Anderson as being Jeff and Mariah Anderson. They had the following children: Fanny, Daniel, Will, Jeff Jr., and Dennis. I did not pursue this linage further than the immediate family. Daniel was married to WIllie and they had the following children: George Anderson and Louella Anderson-Kingston of Itta Bena, MS.
My mother Jannie was the daughter of Melissa Anderson and Sip Jackson. Her earliest paternal lineage is Sip’s mother, Jannie. I have not been able to document her existence. My mother stated she (mother), changed her name at an early age from Lear to that of her father’s mother Jannie (early census shows her name as Lear).
Mother’s Maternal Linage
The earliest ancestor I’ve identified, is Melissa Henry, maternal great, great grandmother (gggm). I was not able to find any information as to whom she married, nor any of her children other than my great grandmother, Dora Henry. This information was given to me by mother Jannie Anderson.
Immediate descendant(s) of Melissa Henry
1.Dora Henry (1853) spouse, Amos Anderson. They had the following children: Melissa, 1880 (my grandmother, she married Sip Jackson); Nelson, 1882; Hillard, 1888; Annie, 1891; Senora, 1892; Dinah, 1893; Lillie, 1894; Jim, 1899; Magellan, 1902; Ben-Richard, 1905; Docie, 1907.
Mother’s Paternal Linage
As previously stated mama’s father was Sip Jackson. His father is said to have been David Randall (brother to my dad’s grandfather Sidney Randall). David supposedly had children by two of his wife’s sisters, one being my great grandmother Jannie and the other Johnny Jackson’s mother. David’s wife was named Lucy. This lead will be pursued at a later date.
Immediate descendant(s) of Jannie Jackson
1.Jannie Jackson, had the following children: Sip Jackson, (1878); Caroline, William; Harold, Buddy and Martha.
Not sure of the origin of the Henrys and Jackson but believe they have always lived in Holmes County, Mississippi
Information Provided by: Winnie A. Simpson: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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